Santa Monica Mountains Trails Council Plants Resource Page

Plant of the Month - Speckled Clarkia

Prickly Poppy

Speckled Clarkia

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Plant Description

Common Name(s):Speckled Clarkia
Scientific Name:Clarkia cylindrica
Family:Onagraceae (Evening Primrose)
Plant Type:Annual
Size:up to 2 feet
Habitat:Chaparral, slopes, coastal sage, woodlands, grassl
Blooms:April to July
Fire Response:Germinate from Seed

Our Santa Monica Mountains host a number of different Clarkias, a species often characterized by pinkish-purple, 4-petaled flowers blooming in spring. Speckled Clarkia flowers are about 2-3 inches in diameter. They have a reddish purple center, changing to white and then a lighter-reddish purple at the petals' ends. The 4 sepals have an interesting curvature to them. The speckles on Speckled Clarkia are not always prominent, as the photos posted here show. This may lead one to wonder if the plant they are looking at is another related variety of Clarkia.

The thin leaves of the Speckled Clarkia are sparse and unremarkable. The flowers generally appear one per stem - this can be a distinguishing feature from other types of Clarkia like Farewell-to-Spring.

The species name Clarkia comes from William Clark of the expeditioners Lewis and Clark. The family of plants that the Clarkias belong to is also called Evening Primrose, as some other varieties are known for opening only at night.

Native peoples farmed this plant by sowing seeds in areas close to where they lived and burning areas after harvest to increase yields. The seeds were gathered from this plant and crushed into food. For an enlightening view on Native Americans and our Native Plants - Tending the Wild by M. Kat Anderson

Contributed by Liz Baumann


Speckled Clarkia - Originally featured: June 2007
Last modified: July 06 2017 09:15:44.
References:
Wildflowers of the Santa Monica Mountains, by Milt McAuley
Flowering Plants: The Santa Monica Mountains, Coastal and Chaparral Regions of Southern California, by Nancy Dale
Images Botanical Terms for Leaves