Santa Monica Mountains Trails Council Plants Resource Page

Plant of the Month - Willow Herb Clarkia

Peninsular Onion

Willow Herb Clarkia

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Plant Description

Common Name(s):Willow Herb Clarkia
Scientific Name:Clarkia epilobioides
Family:Onagraceae
Plant Type:Annual
Size:up to 20 inches
Habitat:Oak Woodland

Willow-herb Clarkia (Clarkia epilobioides), is an annual herb that is native to California and is a species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family. The Santa Monica Moutains have several varieties of Clarkia plants: Elegant Clarkia, Farewell-to-Spring,Purple Speckled and Large Godetia.

Willow-Herb Clarkia can be found in the following plant communities: coastal sage scrub, oak woodland, chaparral and desert in generally shady places below 2,500'.
A slender, erect stem one to two feet in height produces some tiny white flowers with four petals. If you look closely you will find eight stamens and a white to cream-colored stigma shaped like a plus. Each nodding bud has four red sepals that remain fused together or in pairs as the petals emerge during blooming. The petals are one half to one centimeter long, oval in shape, solid white or cream in color, often fading pink as they age.
Name Origin found on Calfora.net a wonderful site for native plant information as well.
Name Origin:Clar'kia: named for William Clark (1770-1838) who with Captain Meriwether Lewis made the first transcontinental expedition from1804 to 1806. Epilo'bium: from 2 Greek words epi, "upon," and lobos, "a pod or capsule," as the flower and capsule appear together, the corolla being borne on the end of the ovary

Other Similar Plants:
Speckled Clarkia Clarkia cylindrica
Elegant Clarkia Clarkia unguiculata
California Fuchsia Epilobium canum
Mustard Evening Primrose Eulobus californicus
Beach Evening Primrose Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia

Originally featured: September 2017
Last modified: April 01 2017 04:27:09.
References:
Wildflowers of the Santa Monica Mountains, by Milt McAuley
Flowering Plants: The Santa Monica Mountains, Coastal and Chaparral Regions of Southern California, by Nancy Dale
Images Botanical Terms for Leaves